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Present Indefinite Tense.

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Present Indefinite Tense.

As an essential part of English grammar, tenses play a crucial role in conveying the time and continuity of actions. In this blog post, we will explore the present indefinite tense, also known as the simple present tense. We will discuss its definition, forms, usage, and common mistakes. Understanding the present indefinite tense is essential in mastering English grammar, so let’s get started.

What is Present Indefinite Tense?

The present indefinite tense refers to actions that are currently happening or habitual actions that occur repeatedly. It is also used to describe general truths and facts that are always true, as well as scheduled events. The present indefinite tense is formed by using the base form of the verb, adding an -s or -es to the third-person singular, and leaving the other forms of the verb unchanged.

Examples of Present Indefinite Tense

  • She walks to work every day.
  • They watch movies on the weekends.
  • I always forget my keys.
  • The sun rises in the east.

Usage of Present Indefinite Tense

The present indefinite tense is used in various contexts, including:

Habitual actions and routines The present indefinite tense is commonly used to describe actions that are habitual or occur repeatedly, such as daily routines or personal habits.

Example: She drinks coffee every morning.

General truths and facts The present indefinite tense is also used to express general truths and facts that are always true, such as scientific facts, historical events, and mathematical formulas.

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Example: Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.

Scheduled events The present indefinite tense can also be used to describe future events that have already been scheduled or arranged.

Example: The concert starts at 8 pm tonight.

Commentary and instructions The present indefinite tense can be used to provide commentary, instructions, and directions.

Example: First, you add the sugar and then mix it with the flour.

Use of time adverbs with present indefinite tense Time adverbs such as “always”, “usually”, “often”, and “sometimes” can be used to provide more information about the frequency of actions described in the present indefinite tense.

Example: He always sings in the shower.

Conjugation of Present Indefinite Tense

To form the present indefinite tense, use the base form of the verb for all subjects except the third person singular, which requires an -s or -es ending.


  • I/you/we/they walk
  • He/she/it walks


  • I/you/we/they do not walk
  • He/she/it does not walk


  • Do I/you/we/they walk?
  • Does he/she/it walk?

Regular and irregular verbs can take different forms in the present indefinite tense. For regular verbs, add an -s or -es to the third person singular. For irregular verbs, the form changes, and the base form of the verb is used for all other persons.

Exceptions and Common Mistakes with Present Indefinite Tense

Subject-verb agreement is essential when using the present indefinite tense. Make sure the verb agrees with the subject of the sentence.

Example: The dog barks. (Correct) The dog bark. (Incorrect)

Use “do” or “does” to form negative and interrogative sentences in the present indefinite tense.

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Example: Do you like pizza? She does not eat meat.

Avoid using “always”, “usually”, “often”, and “sometimes” at the beginning of a sentence. Instead, use these adverbs within the sentence.

Example: He sings in the shower always. (Incorrect) He always sings in the shower. (Correct)

Examples of Present Indefinite Tense in Context

Now, let’s take a look at some examples of the present indefinite tense in context.


  • A: What do you usually do on the weekends? B: I usually spend time with my family.
  • A: Does she like to read? B: Yes, she loves to read books.

News reports:

  • The government announces new regulations to reduce pollution.
  • A new study finds that exercise improves mental health.

Academic writing:

  • According to Smith et al. (2022), renewable energy is essential for reducing carbon emissions.
  • The study indicates that there is a significant correlation between sleep deprivation and poor academic performance.


The present indefinite tense is a fundamental aspect of English grammar, used to describe habitual actions, general truths and facts, scheduled events, and provide commentary and instructions. Understanding its proper usage is essential in effective communication in both spoken and written English. By following the rules and avoiding common mistakes, we can accurately express our thoughts and ideas in the present indefinite tense. So, let’s practice and master this tense for effective communication in English.

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